General Information

Officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The exclave province of Cabinda borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. Angola, although located in a tropical zone, has a climate that is not characterized for this region, due to the confluence of three factors: The Benguela Current, cold, along the southern part of the coast; The relief in the interior; Influence of the Namib Desert in the southwest.

North, with high rainfall and high temperatures; Central Plateau, with a dry season and average temperatures of the order of 19 °C; South with very high thermal amplitudes due to the proximity of the Kalahari Desert and the influence of masses of tropical air.

Angola has diamonds, oil, gold, copper and a rich wildlife (dramatically impoverished during the civil war), forest and fossil fuels. Since independence, oil and diamonds have been the most important economic resource. Angola had the world's highest annual average GDP growth, at Agriculture and forestry is an area of potential opportunity for the country. 

The languages in Angola are those originally spoken by the different ethnic groups and Portuguese, introduced during the Portuguese colonial era. The most widely spoken indigenous languages are Umbundu, Kimbundu and Kikongo, in that order. Portuguese is the official language of the country.

The substrate of Angolan culture is African, predominantly Bantu, while Portuguese culture has had a significant impact, specifically in terms of language and religion. They to varying degrees maintain their own cultural traits, traditions and languages. 

However in the cities, where slightly more than half of the population now lives, a mixed culture has been emerging since colonial times; in Luanda, since its foundation in the 16th century. In this urban culture, the Portuguese heritage has become more and more dominant. African roots are evident in music and dance, and is moulding the way in which Portuguese is spoken. 

In 2014, Angola resumed the National Festival of Angolan Culture after a 25-year break. It took place in all the provincial capitals and lasted for 20 days, with the theme; Culture as a Factor of Peace and Development.