General Information

Officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, is a sovereign state in West Africa. Guinea-Bissau is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west. Guinea-Bissau is warm all year around and there is little temperature fluctuation;

The economy depends mainly on agriculture; fish, cashew nuts and ground nuts are its major exports.
The population of Guinea-Bissau is ethnically diverse and has many distinct languages, customs, and social structures. Bissau-Guineans can be divided into the following ethnic groups: Fula and the Mandinka-speaking people concentrated in the north and northeast;Balanta and Papel people in the southern coastal regions; andManjaco and Mancanha in the central and northern coastal areas.
Although perceived as the national languages of Guinea-Bissau, Standard Portuguese is spoken as a second language, with few native speakers and often confined to the intellectual and political elites. It is the language of government and national communication as a legacy of colonial rule. Portuguese is the only language with official status. The remaining rural population speaks a variety of native African languages unique to each ethnicity:

The music of Guinea-Bissau is usually associated with the polyrhythmic gumbe genre, the country's primary musical export. The calabash is the primary musical instrument of Guinea-Bissau and is used in extremely swift and rhythmically complex dance music. Lyrics are almost always in Guinea-Bissau Creole.

Rice is a staple in the diet of residents near the coast and millet a staple in the interior. Fruits and vegetables are commonly eaten along with cereal grains. Black-eyed peas are also part of the diet. Palm oil is harvested. Common ingredients include yams, sweet potato, cassava, onion, tomato and plantain. Spices, peppers and chilis are used in cooking, including Aframomum melegueta seeds (Guinea pepper).