General Information

Tifariti is an oasis town located in north-eastern Western Sahara, east of the Moroccan Berm. It is part of what Polisario Front call the Liberated Territories and Morocco call the Buffer Zone. It has been the de facto temporary capital of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic since the government moved there in 2011 from Bir Lehlou. It is the headquarters of the 2nd military region of the SADR. It is also the name of a Daïra of the Wilaya of Smara, in the Sahrawi refugee camps.

Tifariti is located between Smara, the traditional spiritual centre of the Sahara founded by the Ma El Ainin and the Algerian town of Tindouf, where the Sahrawi refugee camps are located.

The government quarter of Tifariti houses the parliament of SADR, a hospital, a school, a mosque and a museum. In February 2009, the town hosted the "International Conference on Urbanization and Reconstruction of Liberated Areas". The participants signed the "Declaration of Tifariti", with three principal aims: Rebuilding and reconstruction of the liberated territories of Western Sahara, Preservation of the Spanish language, through the establishment of the "Saharawi Academy for the Spanish language", Promotion of the establishment of the "Tifariti University".

Since 2007, Tifariti has been the scenery of "ARTifariti", an annual international encounter of artists from several countries. The art pieces are made in the town and remain there, in the museum of Tifariti or outdoors. On 27 February 2011 Tifariti hosted the 35th anniversary of the proclamation of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic.

 Archaeological Park. This archaeological site, without precedents in this area, provides an interesting lithic manufacturing works from the Late Paleolithic or Epipaleolithic, mound graves, and more than a hundred caves with rock paintings.